Post-excavation analysis of the Curtain Theatre in Shoreditch, which staged some of Shakespeare’s plays (see CA 316), has revealed new clues to how the Elizabethan playhouse was used. This deal is how many believe Lanman was able to afford to open the Curtain, the rest is all very unclear. Its proprietor seems to have been one Henry Lanman, who is described as a "gentleman." The Lord Chamberlain's Men also performed Ben Jonson's Every Man in His Humour here in 1598, with Shakespeare in the cast. The Curtain Theatre takes its name from Curtain Close, the walled pasture in which the playhouse was built. The Curtain was built just south of the Theatre in 1577, and was similar in construction. History of The Curtain Theatre Considered to be the first theatre district in the capital, Shoreditch is treasured for its artistic and dynamic significance today as much as it was in the 1570s when The Curtain Theatre first opened its doors. In 2008, archaeologists affiliated with the Museum of London announced that they had discovered the foundations of what they believed to be The Theatre. In 1585 Lanman made an agreement with the proprietor of the Theatre, James Burbage, to use the Curtain as a supplementary house, or "easer," to the more prestigious older playhouse. Thus, the suggestion is given that both proprietors were doing equal business. The Curtain Theatre was built in 1577 in Shoreditch, and was London's second playhouse. J. Leeds Barroll focuses in Shakespeare studies: An annual gathering of Research, Criticism and Reviews on the fact that Henry Lanman had offered the Curtain as an easer to James Burbage, proprietor of the Theatre. The Curtain Theatre was built in 1577 in Shoreditch, and was London's second playhouse. [11] In 1600, the Privy Council tried unsuccessfully to shut down the Curtain theatre,[4] and in 1603, the Curtain became the playhouse of Queen Anne's Men (formerly known as Worcester's Men, and formerly at the Rose Theatre, where they'd played Heywood's A Woman Kill'd With Kindness in February of that year). [10] In 1597, people wrote to the local magistrates' court demanding that no plays take place at the Curtain or the Theatre that year. [12][13] However, a commemorative plaque was erected at 18 Hewett Street. The Curtain Theatre: The citizen's playhouse for high-octane drama MOLA team 30.01.2018 Today we’re able to reveal further fascinating insights into Shakespeare’s Curtain Theatre, and how its shape and form led it become a true citizen’s playhouse. King's Men member John Underwood did the same in 1624. The Curtain was built some 200 yards south of London's first playhouse, The Theatre, which had opened a year before, in 1576. It was called the "Curtain" because it was located near a plot of land called Curtain Close, not The name derives from the curtain wall of the adjacent St John the Baptist Holywell monastery. Thomas Pope, one of the Lord Chamberlain's Men, owned a share in the Curtain and left it to his heirs in his last will and testament in 1603. [4]:63[8] The fact that both of these shareholders belonged to Shakespeare's company may indicate that the re-organization of the Curtain occurred when the Lord Chamberlain's Men were acting there. [18] The theatre had timber galleries with mid and upper areas for wealthier audience members, and a courtyard made from compacted gravel for those with less to spend. The Curtain Theatre was built about a year after The Theatre in 1577. Both this … The Lord Chamberlain's Men departed the Curtain when the Globe, which they built to replace the Theatre, was ready for use (1599). King's Men member John Underwood did the same in 1624. [3] Walls survived up to 1.5 metres (5 ft) high in places; MOLA identified the courtyard, where theatregoers stood, and the inner walls, which held the galleries. [4]:64 In 1607, The Travels of the Three English Brothers, by Rowley, Day, and Wilkins, was performed at the Curtain. It was the venue of several of Shakespeare's plays, including Romeo and Juliet (which gained "Curtain plaudits") and Henry V. In this latter play the somewhat undistinguished Curtain gains immortal fame by being described by Shakespeare as "this wooden O." The Curtain was built some 200 yards south of London's first playhouse, The Theatre, which had opened a year before, in 1576. [5] Later that same year Jonson gained a certain notoriety by killing actor Gabriel Spencer in a duel in nearby Hoxton Fields. [2][3] (The name bears no relationship to the front curtain associated with modern theatres.) There is no record of it after 1627. First off, you’d know that the Curtain playhouse had been open for a matter of years by 1579; the first references appear in 1577, so it was likely built some time around or shortly before this date (theatre history narratives tend toby The Lord Chamberlain’s Men seem to have used the Curtain for performances between the end of the lease on the Theatre in 1597 and the opening of the Globe in 1599. As far as is known, Lanman ran the Curtain as a private concern for the first phase of its existence; He died in 1606[7] and it is assumed by Edmund Chambers that the theatre had been re-arranged into a shareholder’s enterprise before his death at some point. The ultimate fate of the Curtain is obscure. Some of the early William Shakespeare plays were performed here up to 1598, possibly including his Romeo and Juliet , and this is probably the case with Thomas Kyd's famous The Spanish Tragedy and also some of the plays of Christopher Marlowe. The most significant revelation was that the Curtain was rectangular, not round. The Lord Chamberlain's Men also performed Ben Jonson's Every Man in His Humour here in 1598, with Shakespeare in the cast. It was built around 100 metres south of James Burbage’s Theatre in Shoreditch and was run by Henry Lanman at one point. The Curtain Theatre was an Elizabethan playhouse located in Curtain Close, Shoreditch (part of the modern Borough of Hackney), just outside the City of London. The Curtain was built some 200 yards south of London's first playhouse, The Theatre, which had opened a year before, in 1576. [17], In May 2016, excavators announced that the theatre was purpose-built and, unusually, was a rectangle (measuring 22×25 metres) rather than being round or polygonal. Elizabethan theatres had small curtained enclosures at the back of their stages; but the large front-curtained Proscenium stage did not appear in England till after the Restoration.) It was built in 1576 after the Red Lion, and the first successful one. The Curtain was believed to have been built near The Theatre, but the exact location was for many years unknown. The Theatre was the first purpose-built early modern playhouse and the original home of the Chamberlain's Men (later the King’s Men after 1603). The remains of the theatre were rediscovered in archaeological excavations in 2012–16. Curtain Theatre, playhouse opened in 1577 in Curtain Close, Finsbury Fields, Shoreditch. It opened in 1577, and continued staging plays until 1622. Archaeologists in London say they've found the remains of a theatre where Shakespeare's plays were first performed. The Curtain was built some 200 yards (180 m) south of London's first playhouse, The Theatre, which had opened a year before, in 1576. [27], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}51°31′23″N 0°4′47″W / 51.52306°N 0.07972°W / 51.52306; -0.07972, For the Glasgow theatre company of the 1930s, see, "Remains of Shakespeare's Curtain Theatre discovered in Shoreditch", "Shakespeare's Curtain theatre unearthed in east London", "Curtain lifts on open-air stage at Shakespeare theatre site in Shoreditch", "500-year-old Romeo And Juliet prop found in dig at Shakespeare's Curtain Theatre", "Will theatre revelations shed light on Shakespeare's secrets? Later that same year Jonson gained a certain notoriety by killing actor Gabriel Spencer in a duel in nearby Hoxton Fields. The Curtain was in use from 1577 until at least 1624, after which its ultimate fate is obscure as there is no record of it after 1627. Little is known of the plays performed at the Curtain or of the playing companies that performed there. The Lord Chamberlain's Men departed the Curtain when the Globe Theatre, which they built to replace the Theatre, was ready for use in 1599. From 1597 to 1599, it became the premier venue of Shakespeare's Company, the Lord Chamberlain's Men, who had been forced to leave their former playing space at The Theatre after the latter closed in 1596. It’s not certain who built the Curtain Theatre but it could have been Henry Lanman, a theatrical entrepreneur, who was the theatre’s manager from 1582 until 1592. (It was called the "Curtain" because it was located near a plot of land called Curtain Close, not Words in the News: Shakespeare’s ‘The Curtain’ uncovered: 8 June 2012 The fact that both of these shareholders belonged to Shakespeare's company may indicate that the re-organization of the Curtain occurred when the Lord Chamberlain's Men were acting there. [23] The team also came across a mount and a token,[24] as well as personal items, including a bone comb. [4]:62[14], In 2012, archaeologists from MOLA (Museum of London Archaeology) announced that they had discovered the remains of the theatre during trial excavations. The first clear mention of the Curtain is in 1584, when the City of London petitioned the parish of Shoreditchto shut down their playhouses. History of The Curtain In 1607 The Travels of the Three English Brothers, by Rowley, Day, and Wilkins, was performed at the Curtain. The Curtain The Curtain was the second London playhouse, built in 1577, next to the Theatre, north of the London Wall. This raised the question of whether the bird whistle was merely a Tudor toy or a prop for plays that needed sound effects. The proprietor appears to have been Henry Lanman, described as a "gentleman": in 1585, Lanman made a… The first clear mention of the Curtain is in 1584, when the City of London petitioned the parish of Shoreditch to shut down their playhouses. The Curtain Theatre was an Elizabethan playhouse located in Curtain Close, Shoreditch (part of the modern Borough of Hackney), just outside the City of London. Otherwise, it would be very unwise of Burbage to pool profits if he did better in the first place. The name derives from the curtain wall of the adjacent St John the Baptist Holywell monastery. It was the first permanent theatre ever built in England. ", "Mysteries unearthed in Shoreditch excavation of Shakespeare's Curtain Theatre", "Shakespeare clues found after Shoreditch exacerbation", "Archaeologists reveal initial findings from detailed excavation at Shakespeare's Curtain Theatre – HeritageDaily – Heritage & Archaeology News", "Shakespeare Curtain Theatre: Remains reveal toy used for sound effects", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Curtain_Theatre&oldid=994194840, Former buildings and structures in the London Borough of Hackney, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 15:21. Thereby, he assumes that Lanman’s business, the Curtain, must have been doing as well as Burbage’s business, the Theatre, since both, Lanman and Burbage, had agreed on a pooling arrangement for seven years in 1585, to pool profits. History of The Curtain Theatre Burbage's father James had shares in the theatre at the time of his death.[9]:144. The stage is set at Shakespeare's Curtain Theatre MOLA team 10.11.2016 As the detailed 3 month excavation of Shakespeare’s Curtain Theatre comes to a close and development of The Stage gets underway, our recent discoveries are poised to completely transform our understanding of the evolution of Elizabethan theatres. History of The Curtain Drum tower meval and middle ages history timelines parts a castle key stage 3 at www johndclare net conwy castle Whats people lookup in this blog: When Was The Curtain Wall Castle With Round Towers Built . The Curtain Theatre in Shoreditch was Britain’s second playhouse and home to William Shakespeare’s company, the Lord Chamberlain’s Men before they moved onto the renowned Globe on South Bank. [6] For seven years Henry Lanman (owner of the Curtain) had an agreement with James Burbage (owner of the Theatre) that all profit would be shared between them. Shakespeare himself trod its boards and we know Romeo and Juliet was performed there. A modern plaque marks its site today, in Hewett Street off Curtain Road. The Curtain was one of the 12 huge amphitheatres, including the Globe Theatre, which were built around the City of London. Henry Lanman, who was the theatre’s manager from 1582 to 1592, may have been responsible for its creation. Built in 1577, The Curtain was the second playhouse in Shoreditch, following the Theatre built the year before 200 yards to the north. Small finds included a ceramic bird whistle; ceramic money boxes for collecting entry fees; beads probably used for decorating stage costumes; and a small statue of Bacchus. It was the venue of several of Shakespeare's plays, including Romeo and Juliet (which gained "Curtain plaudits") and Henry IV Part I and Part II. Museum of London Archaeology has been responsible for these excavations, which show us something of the reality of Shakespeare’s London and the vitality of its theatres, all built within a few decades of each other. It was an outdoor open air theatre, which would have … The Curtain was built some 200 yards south of London's first playhouse, The Theatre, which had opened a year before, in 1576. Built by longtime Shakespeare aficionado Richard Garriott (software developer and major public benefactor), the Curtain Theater will host various public performances throughout the year. The Curtain Theatre was an Elizabethan playhouse located in Hewett Street, Shoreditch (within the modern London Borough of Hackney), just outside the City of London. [22], Glass beads and pins were unearthed along with drinking vessels and clay pipes. Built in 1577, the Curtain Theatre played host to Shakespeare's earliest plays including the first performances of Henry V and early performances of Romeo and Juliet. [19] The galleries were straight. The Curtain was built some 200 yards south of London's first playhouse, The Theatre, which had opened a year before, in 1576. The Curtain sat just 200 yards south or south east of the capital’s first playhouse, the Theatre which opened in 1576. [4]:63 The proprietor appears to have been Henry Lanman, described as a "gentleman": in 1585, Lanman made an agreement with the proprietor of the Theatre, James Burbage, to use the Curtain as a supplementary house, or "easer," to the more prestigious older playhouse. The reasons for its closure are not known. The London theatres, including the Curtain, were closed for much of the period from September 1592 to April 1594 due to the bubonic plague. It was called the "Curtain" because it was located near a plot of land called Curtain Close, which derived its name in turn from its proximity to the walls of Holywell Priory, a curtain wall being a section of wall between two bastions. It stayed open for forty five years, closing in 1622. [3] Little is known of the companies that performed there, or of the plays they performed. [9]:37 The Curtain was named in John Stow's Survey of London in 1598, but was not listed in the 1603 edition. Considered to be the first theatre district in the capital, Shoreditch is treasured for its artistic and dynamic significance today as much as it was in the 1570s when The Curtain Theatre first opened its doors. Considered to be the first theatre district in the capital, Shoreditch is treasured for its artistic and dynamic significance today as much as it was in the 1570s when The Curtain Theatre first opened its doors. [26], A reconstruction of the Curtain Theatre features in the 1998 film Shakespeare in Love. [3] The high-rise residential tower block on the site is to be named "The Stage"; and the two adjacent low-rise office blocks "The Bard" and "The Hewett". In 1603 the Curtain became the playhouse of Queen Anne's Men (formerly known as Worcester's Men, and formerly at the Rose Theatre, where they'd played Heywood's A Woman Kill'd With Kindness in February of that year). From 1597 to 1599 it became the premiere venue of Shakespeare's Company, the Lord Chamberlain's Men, who had been forced to leave their former playing space at The Theatre after the latter closed in 1596. It opened in 1577, and continued staging plays until 1622. [20] In November 2016, a tunnel structure – accessed by doors on either end of the stage – was unearthed, which would have allowed actors to exit from one side and come on again from the other without being seen by the audience. The MoLA has found the original site on Hewett Street, a few hundred yards from another theatre found by the museum in 2008 called The Theatre. As far as is known, Lanman ran the Curtain as a private concern for the first phase of its existence; yet at some point the theatre was re-organized into a shareholders' enterprise. The Curtain was one of the 12 massive amphitheatres, including the Globe Theatre, which were built around the City of London In 1574 the City of London started regulating the Inn-yard activities. The building was dismantled in 1598, and Burbage’s sons, Cuthbert and Richard, used its timbers to construct the first Globe Theatre. Please consider making a small donation to help keep this site free. University of Roehampton’s Callan Davies said: “We are honoured and incredibly excited to be able to bring performance, discussion, and community engagement to the Curtain. Archaeologists excavating The Curtain Theatre in Shoreditch When the Chorus addresses the audience from the stage at the opening of Shakespeare’s Henry V, he refers to ‘this wooden O’ – a phrase that is commonly understood as an image of an Elizabethan theatre such as The Globe, which was octahedral. The Theatre was an Elizabethan playhouse in Shoreditch (in Curtain Road, part of the modern London Borough of Hackney), just outside the City of London. [3], Also uncovered was a fragmentary ceramic bird whistle, dating from the late 16th century. The Curtain, built in 1577, was only a few hundred yards from another theatre further along Curtain Road, imaginatively named the Theatre, … It was called the "Curtain" because it was located near a plot of land called Curtain Close, not [25], In August 2019 the structural remains and below-ground deposits were designated a Scheduled Monument. 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