Geographic Range. "Despite its name, the black-tailed jackrabbit is actually a hare and not a rabbit.Hares are long-eared, powerful sprinters that are born with fur and open eyes, while rabbits have shorter ears and legs and are born blind and hairless. Scientific Name: Lepus townsendii Location: western and central North America Habitat: grasslands and prairies Orr, R. T. 1940. One to four litters per year are born in deep depressions lined with hair. Found in sagebrush and sometimes rabbit brush, including areas of mixed grass 227pp. Chew and Chew (1970) found 65% of the diet was shrub browse, and 30% was herbage. 75pp. The black-tailed jackrabbit in Kansas. The rabbits of California. Common throughout the state, except at the highest elevations. There are two species of jackrabbit inhabiting open country in the vicinity of Tucson, the Antelope Jackrabbit and the Black-tailed Jackrabbit. The habitats were identified using 1991 satellite imagery, other datasets and experts throughout the state, as part of the Washington Gap Analysis Project. Tularemia, plague, and skin diseases are carried by this species. Description The Black-tailed Jackrabbit is a large, long-eared rabbit of the open grasslands and desert scrub of the West. The absence of predators could be the reason for its striking black fur. Population number. Black-tailed jackrabbits inhabit desert scrubland, prairies, farmlands, and dunes. Breeding Range Map 1988 ). Sci. The White-tailed Jackrabbit . Kansas State Univ. ecology : wildlife - plants - geography : places - MAPS - roads & trails : route 66 - old west - communities - weather - glossary Life History The Black-tailed Jackrabbit spends most of its day resting in a scratched-out hollow in the ground. Ingles, L. G. 1965. Occurs in much the same range as the Black-tailed Jack Rabbit but it prefers bunchgrass and also more open habitat. Feeding: Strictly herbivorous; graze and browse. ... habitat I’m most familiar with hunting them is the high desert and wooded forested areas in the 3000/4000ft elevation range. This species mostly is solitary, except when mating and raising young. Energy relationships of the mammals of a desert shrub Flinders, J. T., and R. M. Hansen. Abundant at lower elevations in herbaceous and desert-shrub areas and open, early stages of forest and chaparral habitats. In Kansas, Tiemeier (1965) estimated home ranges from 4-79 ha (10-194 ac). Black-tailed Jackrabbit Range - CWHR M051 [ds789] Vector datasets of CWHR range maps are one component of California Wildlife Habitat Relationships (CWHR), a comprehensive information system and predictive model for Californias wildlife. Sex ratio, age classes and reproduction of the black-tailed jackrabbit. = Marginal Habitat. The white-tailed jackrabbit is classified as Lepus townsendii, the white-sided jackrabbit as Lepus callotis, and the black-tailed or California jackrabbit as Lepus californicus.. Except for its color and skull characteristics, Black jackrabbits are very similar to the Black-tailed jackrabbit, a mainland species. The most common jackrabbit species are the white-tailed, white-sided, and black-tailed or California jackrabbit. Jackrabbit Populations Black-tailed jackrabbits are a common hare that inhabit American deserts, scrublands, and other open spaces, including farms. Black-tailed jackrabbits occupy mixed shrub-grassland terrains. All species of jackrabbit have slender bodies about 43 to 67 cm (about 17 to 26 in) in length with short tails about 5 cm (2 in) long, and weights of about 2.5 to 3.5 kg (about 6 to 8 lb). They spread across Benton County after the Columbia River froze in 1920. 1973. The individual that Ned and I saw was a Black-tailed Jackrabbit. The white-tailed jackrabbit is nocturnal and lies up during the day in a form, a shallow depression in the ground hidden under vegetation, emerging at dusk to feed. Range: When populations are between peaks, black-tailed jackrabbit presence may complement livestock grazing. A yr-old female may produce 14, or more, young per yr (Ingles 1965). More litters are born in warm climates: the number of litters born each year ranges from two per year in Idaho to seven in Arizona. They prefer grasses and forbs but will eat almost any vegetation that occurs in the area, up to about 51 cm (20 in) above the ground. 54:287-291. Its dorsal pelage is characterized by a black mid-dorsal stripe and otherwise is buffy or grayish. Predators include coyotes, eagles, northern harriers, barn owls, red-tailed hawks, great horned owls, rattlesnakes, and gopher snakes. Geographic Range. The green area shows the predicted habitats for breeding only. 1965. Click to enlarge distribution map. Reproduction: Young are born beneath vegetation that provides some overhead cover. F rench, N.R., R. M cBride, and J. In addition to long ears and feet, this jackrabbit has especially long legs. 336. This animal may have started to separately evolve 5,000-12,000 years ago, at which time the island separated off from the mainland. It has distinctive long ears tipped with black. Journal of Range Management 30:217-220. It weighs from 6 to 8 pounds. Reaching a length of about 2 feet , and a weight from 3 to 6 pounds , the black-tailed jackrabbit is the third largest North American hare, after the antelope jackrabbit and the white-tailed jackrabbit. Water: Water is not necessary, but it will be drunk if available. Find professional Jackrabbit videos and stock footage available for license in film, television, advertising and corporate uses. Title Black-tailed Jackrabbit Range - CWHR M051 [ds789] Publication date 2016-02-0100:00:00 Presentation formats digital map FGDC geospatial presentation format vector digital data Other citation details These are the same layers as appear in the CWHR System software. black-tailed jackrabbit (Lepus californicus) Characteristics. Tularemia occurs in many parts of North America in both the terrestrial and aquatic forms. Black-Tailed Jackrabbits have a body length between 47 and 63 cms (18.5 - 24.8 inches), a tail length between 5 and 11 cms (2 - 4.3 inches) and they weigh between 1.3 and 3.1 kgs (2.9 - 6.8 lbs). The black-tailed jackrabbit, the only jack rabbit occurring in Oklahoma, is not really a rabbit but a hare. Competitors for food primarily include other grazers and browsers. The white-tailed jack is the largest of California's hares. Flinders, J. T., and R. M. Hansen. Occas. The Black-tailed Jackrabbit spends most of its day resting in a burrow in the ground. It is distinguished by its grayish brown fur, distinctly black tipped ears and a black stripe that runs from the top of the tail to the rump. The name was later shortened to jackrabbit. Its fur is a dark buff color peppered with black, and its black-tipped ears are almost the same length as its hind feet. The jackrabbit is common in the western united states and northern mexico. Project. Its most distinguishable features are its black-tipped ears, which measure between five to seven inches in length, as well as its black-top tail. native; Habitat. Fertility and population density of the black-tailed jackrabbit. Comment 12,762 square kilometers based on Natural Heritage Program range maps that appear on the Montana Field Guide. The black-tailed jackrabbit (Lepus californicus) gets its name for its black tail and long ears, which originally earned it the name "jackass rabbit. Of these, only the black-tailed jack rabbit (Lepus californicus) is a desert dweller, inhabiting all 4 southwestern deserts. Many hunters also poison or shoot jackrabbits for pest control, sport, or food. J. Mammal. Fl inders, J.T., and R.M. 40:63-81. No. Black-tailed jackrabbits inhabit desert scrubland, prairies, farmlands, and dunes. Mammals of the Pacific states. J. Mammal. What Causes This Disease? Colorado State Univ., Range Sci. Comment Open habitats with at least some shrub cover have probably been … Litter sizes are largest in the northern portions of black-tailed jackrabbit's range and decrease toward the south. Find high-quality stock photos that you won't find anywhere else. Its fur is a dark buff color peppered with black, and its black-tipped ears are almost the same length as its hind feet. Select from premium Black Tailed Jackrabbit of the highest quality. Pattern: Intermediate canopy stages of shrub habitats, and open shrub/herbaceous and tree/herbaceous edges provide suitable habitat. This species is introduced in Virginia. Lechleitner, R. R. 1958. Tularemia is a bacterial disease caused by the bacteria Francisella tularensis. The black-tailed jackrabbit , also known as the American desert hare, is a common hare of the western United States and Mexico, where it is found at elevations from sea level to up to 10,000 feet . Exp. Populations may fluctuate in 3-6-yr intervals, and may increase up to 9-fold. His cousin the antelope jack rabbit (Lepus alleni) prefers to live in the Sonoran and Chihuahuan deserts. Ranges from Los Padres National Forest southward and west of the peninsular range into northwestern Baja California, Mexico [1]. Common throughout the state, except at the highest elevations. Coprophagous (Flinders and Hansen 1972). Dep. Abundant at lower elevations in herbaceous and desert-shrub areas and open, early stages of forest and chaparral habitats. Black-tailed Jackrabbit (Lepus californicus) These non-game animals are found at desert and sub-montane elevations throughout the Reserve. Lechleitner, R. R. 1959. In this way, it is conceivable the retraction of the range of the white-tailed jackrabbit is due indirectly to the expansion of the range of the black-tailed jackrabbit. Where Is The Disease Found? Summary 6 The black-tailed jackrabbit (Lepus californicus), also known as the American desert hare, is a common hare of the western United States and Mexico, where it is found at elevations from sea level to up to 10,000 feet (3,000 m).Reaching a length of about 2 feet (61 cm), and a weight from 3 to 6 pounds (1.4 to 2.7 kg), the black-tailed jackrabbit is the third largest North American hare. They are buff in colour and they have a characteristic black stripe down the centre of their back, a black patch on their rump, and their tail is black on its dorsal surface. 29pp. All non-forested There is a 41-47 day gestation period. Movements, density, and mortality in a black-tailed jackrabbit population. Stanford Univ. Range: Western u.s., from washington south to california and east to nebraska and texas. Hares are larger than rabbits, and they typically have taller hind legs and longer ears. Lepus californicus is found throughout the southwestern United States into Mexico, as far east as Missouri, north into Washington, Idaho, Colorado and Nebraska, and west to California and Baja California.. Biogeographic Regions; nearctic. Webpage designed by Dave Lester. Search from Black Tailed Jackrabbit stock photos, pictures and royalty-free images from iStock. In Utah, densities have been calculated at 100 per km2 (260/mi2) (Flinders and Hansen 1973). Long-term Trend. The Black-tailed Jackrabbit, although referred to as a rabbit, actually is a hare based on its long ears and feet and precocial young. Tularemia is a bacterial disease caused by the bacteria Francisella tularensis. Journal of Range Management 28:290-293. Map of the geographic range of the white-tailed jackrabbit . The home range of a jackrabbit is about ten acres. Life History The Black-tailed Jackrabbit spends most of its day resting in a scratched-out hollow in the ground. Chew, R. M., and A. E. Chew. Known Populations in San Diego County Within the MSPA, San Diego black-tailed jackrabbit is found in MUs 1, 3, 4, and 6 [2]. Black-tailed jackrabbits are not currently threatened although extensive habitat destruction may reduce suitable habitat. Mesopredator release occurs when midsized carnivores become more abundant as a result of the decline or extirpation of larger carnivores that would otherwise control numbers of the smaller carnivores ( Soulé et al. Score E - Relatively Stable (±25% change). Identification & Description: The jackrabbit belongs to the family Leporidae, in the order Lagomorpha. identified using 1991 satellite imagery, other datasets and experts throughout the state, as part of the Washington Gap Analysis Metadata (Data about data or how the map was made). Home Range: Home ranges in California averaged 18.5 ha (45 ac) (Lechleitner 1958). Score E - 5,000-20,000 km squared (about 2,000-8,000 square miles). Black-tailed Jackrabbit Lepus californicus The Black-tailed Jackrabbit is a member of the hare family. The black-tailed jackrabbit (Lepus californicus), also known as the American desert hare, is a common hare of the western United States and Mexico, where it is found at elevations from sea level up to 10,000 ft (3,000 m).Reaching a length around 2 ft (61 cm), and a weight from 3 to 6 lb (1.4 to 2.7 kg), the black-tailed jackrabbit is the one of the largest North American hares. 506pp. Breeding Range Map The green area shows the predicted habitats for breeding only. Calif. Acad. Comment Unknown.. Translated from the Washington Gap Analysis Mammal Volume by Dave Lester Black-tailed Jackrabbit Young jackrabbits are born bright-eyed and active, and after only one month they can fend for themselves. Tiemeier, O. W. 1965. Find the perfect Black Tailed Jackrabbit stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. Ranges from Los Padres National Forest southward and west of the peninsular range into northwestern Baja California, Mexico . The forms of this species range from 46 to 61 cm (18 to 24 in) long, 20 to 30 cm (7.9 to 11.8 in) wide, and up to 20 cm (7.9 in) deep. Where Is The Disease Found? It has a broader range than its Antelope cousin, … J. Wildl. It has a buff gray body above, white below, and a black stripe down the center of its back. = Core Habitat 12. Sta., Manhattan. Daniel and others [ 18 , 19 ] reported that at moderate stocking rates and average black-tailed jackrabbit numbers, there was little competition for forage between cattle and black-tailed jackrabbit on a Chihuahua Desert creosotebush-honey mesquite rangeland. Seasonal Movements / Migration: Non-migratory. The IUCN Red List and other sources don’t provide the number of the Black-tailed jackrabbit … native; Habitat. The black-tailed jackrabbit (Lepus californicus), also known as the American desert hare, is a common hare of the western United States and Mexico, where it is found at elevations from sea level up to 10,000 ft (3,000 m).Reaching a length around 2 ft (61 cm), and a weight from 3 to 6 lb (1.4 to 2.7 kg), the black-tailed jackrabbit is one of the largest North American hares. 22:371-384. The Black-tailed Jackrabbit is a large, long-eared rabbit of the open grasslands and desert scrub of the West. The Black-tailed Jack Rabbit is 18 to 25 inches long and is colored buff peppered with black above, and white below. The Black-tailed Jackrabbit is a large, long-eared rabbit of the open grasslands and desert scrub of the West. The habitats were Sci. Core areas were the most arid steppe zones with sagebrush. Legend: Breeding can occur year-round. 1975. They become active at dusk and throughout the night. Its fur is a dark buff color that is peppered with black. Feeding: Strictly herbivorous; graze and browse. No. Map with historical museum records 19. Find the perfect Black Tailed Jackrabbit stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. Its fur is a dark buff color peppered with black, and its black-tipped ears are almost the same length as its hind feet. 1970. The gestation period ranges from 41 to 47 days. Territory: Probably not territorial, at least in Kansas (Tiemeier 1965). Reproduction: Breeds throughout the year, with greatest number of births occurring from April through May (Ingles 1965). Also called black-tailed jackrabbit. Ser. Up to 4 litters of 3-4 young (range 1-8) produced per yr. Young weaned at 3 wks. Range Extent. Natural History: The black-tailed jackrabbit spends most of its day resting in a scratched-out hollow in the ground. In winter it is sometimes mistaken for the snowshoe rabbit, because, in the colder parts of its range, individuals turn completel… Diet changes with forage availability by season. Black-tailed Jackrabbit Distribution, Abundance, and Seasonality. California Department of Fish and Game, 1999.California's Wildlife, Sacramento, CA.Written by: C. Polite, reviewed by: M. White, edited by: M. White. Score U - Unknown. Range Map Specific Habitat Requirements. Getty Images offers exclusive rights-ready and premium royalty-free analog, HD, and 4K video of the highest quality. Activity Patterns: Yearlong diurnal and crepuscular activity. Its most distinguishable features are its black-tipped ears, which measure between five to seven inches in length, as well as its black-top tail. Pap. Agric. and sagebrush. H ansen. Jackrabbit hunting in the open desert with an airgun requires careful stalking (inside of 40-50 yards) and demands precise shot placement. Agriculture and overgrazing have eliminated much of the bunchgrass and so its numbers are diminished. The black-tailed jackrabbit, the only jack rabbit occurring in Oklahoma, is not really a rabbit but a hare. Diets and habits of jackrabbits in northeastern Colorado. Found only in steppe zones in the Columbia Basin. Select from premium Black Tailed Jackrabbit of the highest quality. Spring population responses of cottontails and jackrabbits to cattle grazing short-grass prairie. Gestation period is 43 days. Niche: Because of their great adaptability, and rapid rate of reproduction, black-tailed hares can become pests. Population Size. As in other hares (Genus Lepus)l no special nest structure is built. Manage. 1972. D etmer. Black-Tailed Jackrabbit. Contrib. Abundance and dispersion of leporids within a shortgrass ecosystem. Lepus californicus is found throughout the southwestern United States into Mexico, as far east as Missouri, north into Washington, Idaho, Colorado and Nebraska, and west to California and Baja California.. Biogeographic Regions; nearctic. 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