5 facts you need to know about the cradle of humankind. Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site (COH WHS). Exhibition features Homo naledi and Australopithecus sediba. Mrs. Ples is the popular nickname for the most complete skull of an Australopithecus africanus ever found in South Africa. Homo sapiens, the species to which we all belong, evolved in Africa approximately 200 000 years ago. The Sterkfontein Caves is the most famous. The Cradle of Humankind region comprises 15 major fossil sites, some of which date back 5-million years. Ples” (Australopithecus africanus), discovered by Robert Broom and John T. Robinson, and the “Taung Child,” discovered by Raymond Dart. According to existing archaeological and fossil evidence, however, the Cradle of Humankind (originally known as Cradle of Mankind) is the Afar Triangle in East Africa, which is often referred to as the Cradle of Humanity.. Maropeng Hotel +27 (0)14 577 9100 Many local South Africans come to explore the million-year-old cave systems and learn about our early human ancestors. The first adult fossil of this hominid was found at Sterkfontein by Dr Robert Broom in 1936. Human Evolution Teaching Materials Project. What caused one species to survive while others died out? We are one diverse species across the globe, with our roots in Africa. The Cradle of Humankind, one of South Africa’s eight World Heritage Sites and the only one in Gauteng, is approximately 45km north-west of Johannesburg. The Cradle of Humankind covers an area of over 47 000 hectares of privately owned land north west of Johannesburg and is home to over 17 000 residents. Plover’s Lake has an abundance of animal fossils, including those of an extinct zebra. Located just outside of Johannesburg, South Africa, the Cradle of Humankind is a site that has produced an incredible number of hominid fossils. The Cradle of Humankind, is a target-rich environment for fossils. Maropeng Hotel +27 (0)14 577 9100 The fossil find is an immense discovery, as it contains more than 1,550 relatively well preserved fossil elements and bones. Bolt’s Farm is the oldest fossil site within the Cradle of Humankind, dating to about 4.5 million years. Web design, development and content by Flow Communications. It is situated within the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site and is itself a South African National Heritage Site. The first stone tools were made and used in Africa, at least 2.6-million years ago. Collectively, they have produced a range of fossils of sabre-toothed cats, frogs, pigs, monkeys, birds, plants, bone tools and ancestors of modern humans. Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site (COH WHS). Fact 2: Africa's oldest human remains were found in the Tugen Hills in Kenya, and go back 7 million years. Maropeng and Sterkfontein Caves +27 (0)14 577 9000 Maropeng and Sterkfontein Caves +27 (0)14 577 9000 These traces provide valuable information about human evolution . Lesson plans, 3D printable files, 3D pdfs Learn More. About Cradle of Humankind. The Perot Museum is proud to host the exclusive world premiere of Origins: Fossils from the Cradle of Humankind. The fossils found in the Cradle of Humankind and Eastern Africa have shown that there were often several different species of hominids living in the same area at the same time. It’s estimated that more than a third of all hominid fossils have been found here, with some dating back to 3.5 million years ago. This remarkable (and expansive) destination boasts a history reaching back millions of years, and the many ancient fossils found here attest to this. The Cradle of Humankind is a region north-west of Johannesburg that’s produced the largest number of human fossils, ever. The Sterkfontein Valley landscape is in both western Gauteng and the North West Province and is also called the Cradle of Humankind because it includes remains of hominids from about 2 to 3.3 million years ago. South Africa is home to a magnificent World Heritage Site, the Cradle of Humankind, which continues to yield fascinating and surprising stories of our origins and evolutionary history. Sterkfontein (Afrikaans for Strong Spring) is a set of limestone caves of special interest to paleo-anthropologists located in Gauteng province, about 40 kilometres (25 mi) northwest of Johannesburg, South Africa in the Muldersdrift area close to the town of Krugersdorp.The archaeological sites of Swartkrans and Kromdraai are in the same area. Many significant fossil finds have been made in the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site, including the famous fossils “Mrs Ples” and “Little Foot”. This remarkable (and expansive) destination boasts a history reaching back millions of years, and the many ancient fossils found here attest to this. Criterion (iii): The nominated serial site bears exceptional testimony to some of the most important Australopithecine specimens dating back more than 3.5 million years. At the Cradle of Humankind you can discover how the earth has survived 5 major extinctions, and find out why some scientists say that we are living in the midst of what could be the 6 th major extinction – this one, not from a meteor or an asteroid hurtling toward earth, but self-inflicted, by … About 40% of all known hominid fossils, from at least three different species, have been found in this area, dating back to around 3.5 million years old. Altogether there are 15 major fossil sites in the Cradle of Humankind. The word 'naledi' means 'star' in the Sesotho language. Official Visitor Centres for the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site, The Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site, The early personalities of South African palaeoanthroplogy. Collectively, they have produced a range of fossils of sabre-toothed cats, frogs, pigs, monkeys, birds, plants, bone tools and ancestors of modern humans. The fossil find is an immense discovery, as it contains more than 1,550 relatively well preserved fossil elements and bones. There, 30 meters underground in the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage site, Berger’s team uncovered more than 1,550 fossil elements, representing an unprecedented 15 individuals. Kromdraai(means crooked turn in afrikaans) is a fossil-bearing breccia-filled cave located about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) east of the well-known South African hominid-bearing site of Sterkfontein and about 45 kilometres (28 mi) northwest of Johannesburg, South Africa. Hominids – the ancestors of modern humans – first emerged about seven million years ago, in Africa. The limestone caverns that thread the Cradle of Humankind were once home to some of our earliest ancestors: Hominid fossils found here date back over three million years. The Earth is about 4.6-billion years old. Fossils from some of the earliest organisms ever discovered have been found in South Africa and date to about 3.5-billion years ago. The Cradle of Humankind was declared a World Heritage Site in 1999, due to the wealth of hominid fossils discovered here. The fossil evidence contained within these sites proves conclusively that the African continent is the undisputed Cradle of Humankind. Inside these caves, paleoanthropologists have discovered thousands of fossils of hominids and other animals, dating back some 4 million years. The most exciting find to date has been the discovery of the 2-million-year-old remains of Australopithecus sediba by Wits Professor Lee Berger, at Malapa in August 2008. It is the site where … Because of its status If you’ve not visited the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site before, near Krugersdorp/Mogale, you’re in for a real treat. Notable fossil finds include jaguar-like forms and saber-toothed cats. We will explore the Sterkfontein Caves where we will get a guided tour into the fossils evidence while getting inside some shallow caves to understand these fossils even better. Through the study of fossils, scientists are able to surmise facts about life long before mankind existed and plot a pathway to what we know today in planning for a tomorrow. The word 'naledi' means 'star' in the Sesotho language. Approximately 40% of the world’s known human ancestor remains have been unearthed in the Cradle’s caves. 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